What Am I Being Asked to Believe or Accept in This Article?
– The fact of three decades of changing values and norms regarding family life in the US between late 1950s and middle 1980s;
– General weakening of the normative imperative regarding marriage;
– Changes in family attitudes were the most striking between 1960s and 1970s, 1980s – general flattering of trends;
– Family changes parallel trends in socialization, religious, political and civil aspects.
Filling the Research Gap
There is plenty of research regarding family attitudes during 1960s and 1970s; the period of 1980s is still limited: this study fills in the literature gap;
– The main purpose of the article is the linkage of trends in family attitudes within the frames of a number of trends in social values.
– The final result of the study is various indicators regarding a lot of family issues.
Evidence to Support the Assertions – Based on
Data and Methods Used:
- GeneralSocial Survey
- Monitoring the Future
- Studying of American Families
General Social Survey
– Conducted since 1972;
– By National Opinion Research Center;
– Collection of information: through face-to-face personal interviews.
Monitoring the Future
– Conducted since 1976;
– By Survey Research Center of the University of Michigan;
– Collection of information: through self-administered questionnaires.
Studying of American Families
– Panel study of mothers and children;
– Conducted since 1961;
– Most of the respondents were interviewed in person, some of them by telephone and by mail.
Alternative Ways to Interpret the Evidence
Extent of the three studies:
– Sex Roles
– Premarital Sex
– Extramarital Sex
– Cohabitation without Marriage
Additional Evidence to Evaluate the Alternatives – Age, Gender and Family Interrelationships’ Breakdown, which Helped to Identify as Follows:
– Data demonstrated impressive changes in family attitudes since 1960s;
– Changes in values and norms regarding marriage and divorce, childbearing and gender roles was dramatic in 1960s and 1970s;
– 1960s and 1970s – shift from political party identification to individual thinking.
This study is:
1. A remarkable trends’ convergence regarding the attitudes between a couple of family domains: connection of family behavior and attitudes.
2. A thought-provoking engine of social trends that are documented in the article.
3. A solid theoretical explanation of trends that prevents further thematically similar discussion.