Q 1. Differences between local, state, and federal roles in public elementary and public schools
Role of the state government
- The state gives power to the state board of education to complete policies in schools and determine budget priorities.
- It has a chief state school officer who oversees the state department for education and reports occasionally to the governor, legislature, and state board of education (Clabaugh & Rozycki, 2006).
Role of the local government
They have delegated powers from the state to perform the following actions:
- Make all decisions and manage operations of public elementary and secondary schools.
- Control the public schools.
- Execute the curriculum.
- Determine budgets of schools (Grender & Rosenstelngel, 2005).
Role of the federal government
- The Congress is in charge of passing laws in the country. Thus, a number of laws has been established to affect education directly and indirectly.
- The federal department of education implements the laws enacted by the Congress to sustain education.
- The department coordinates and administers most of the financial help for education (Clabaugh & Rozycki, 2006).
Q 2. Write a 500-word paper that clearly identifies the sources of financial support for public schools and the differences between them.
The Federal Government gives about 7% to schools. The remaining part is divided fairly and equally among state distributions and local distribution.
- Cateegorical aid is a type of funding related to specific objectives. It is used for gifted and talented students as well as applied to special and vocational education.
- Block grants are kinds of the categorical aid that has been moved to block grants. This money is used for programs that are aimed at improving schools.
- General aid is used for any educational activity (Clabaugh & Rozycki, 2006).
- Income tax is the most equitable source of funding.
- Sales tax is not a very reliable source of funds since it entirely dependent on the economic stability.
- Lottery funds are small sums of money collected from lottery though its contribution.
- Property tax is a source of funds that has been widely used (Griender & Rosenstelngel, 2005).