From time immemorial, Manhattan Institute has always taken a special interest in cities as well as their citizens. Two of these cities are Detroit and New York. The film, Manhattan Institute Video on crime Reduction in the New York City describes succinctly the ways and methods appropriate for the reduction of crimes within the New York City, a city that had suffered insecurity for a very long time from 1970s extending to late 20th century (George, Tony, Duane & Charles, 1974). This essay is an illustration on how security was boosted within the city based on the provided guidelines. Twenty years ago, New York City was seriously racked with the crime including burglaries, car thefts, murderers, as well as thefts from cars. Library used to be an open air market with Grand Central Terminal, gigantic flophouse, Port Authority Bus Terminal were all known to be criminal dens. New York’s drastic drop in hooliganism and crime rates in 1990s was the most astonishing and unexpected by most Americans (James & George, 1982).
As the city suffered criminal issues and hooliganism characterized by drug abuse, an idea emerged that would one day bring the city into an admirable restoration. It began with the dealing with the small issues that affected the city. James Q. Wilson linked the disorder to certain serious crimes in the Atlantic story that he termed as “Broken Windows” (George, Tony, Duane & Charles, 1974). Several intellectuals and policymakers like Herb Sturz, the then City Mayor and other private sector leaders such as Schoenfield Gerald studied disorder and other minor crimes. They studied keenly panhandling, scams, prostitutions, and drugs that threatened the Times Square. With the use of Sturz leadership and money from the New York City Fund, the New York Police Department developed the Crossroad Operations in around 1978. This project focused on the minor offenses within the Times Square area. The starters urged the police officers to develop and enhance a high visibility that would ensure that the small issues and disorders affecting the city are properly dealt with or handled accordingly (Manhattan Institute, 1973). Despite little initial successes, the Crossroad Operation was untimely aborted and NYPD had to return to business as usual. The police then employed the same tactics in the Bryant Park after Gordon Davis, the then Park Commissioner threatened to close the program or the operation. They recorded an early success but they again eventually abandoned the process. The process was later adopted and sporadic police programs were put into position.
In the year 1980, there was a second attempt aimed at fixing the Bryant Park named the Bryant Prk Restoration Corporation which was headed by Biederman Dan. The process took the ecological format taking environmental design and maintenance and private security serious issues that had to be handled. Environmental maintenance required city dwellers to avoid any use of materials that would lead to pollution. In other words, the city decided to curb drug dealing activities including smoking of bhang that was a serious problem within the city. Bhang had an effect of causing making users participate in unlawful activities including killings and robbing other citizens within the city. Besides this, graffiti was also a serious problem that facilitated hooliganism within the city. David Gunn, the founder and starter of the idea of doing away with graffiti, stated that the New York City Transit Authority started a five year program to do away with graffiti from various subway trains (James & George, 1982). William Bratton was later hired by Robert Kiley zeroed in the problem of disorder. With other processes taken into considerations, the Penn Station and Grand Central Terminal applied similar policing methods and all were confirmed successful.
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